MoscowCity Sightseeing Tour
During the tour the tourists get to know the history of the city and visit the main places of interest, e.g. Red Square, the MoscowStateUniversity, the Bolshoi Theatre, the Triumphal Arch. They drive along the main Moscow streets: Tverskaya, Novy Arbat Avenue, Kutuzovsky Avenue, Sadovoye and Bulvarnoye Rings.
The Kremlin is the historic centre of the city, the heart of Moscow. In the Kremlin grounds tourists can see the Tsar Bell and the Tsar Cannon andvisit the Annunciation (Blagoveschensky), Arkhangel (Arkhangelsky) and Assumption (Voznesensky) Cathedrals, the Bell-Tower of Ivan The Greatand the Church of the Twelve Apostles – all wonderful monuments of Russian church architecture with unique richlydecorated interiors.
The Red Square
Most visitors begin their acquaintance with Moscow´s Red Square, Krasnaya Ploschad, and the heart of the city. Today Red Square, encompassing an area of more than 70.000 square metres, is definitely one of the world´s most beautiful sites. The square is bounded by the Kremlin walls, the Lenin Mausoleum, the HistoricalMuseum, the GUM department store and St. Basil´s Cathedral, which is called the "stone flower" of Red Square. Each tower has its own decorative pattern. Red Square is at present used as a huge gathering place for public events, markets, fairs, and festivals.
The Armoury Chamber
In the 14th and prior to the beginning of the 19th centuries, the Armoury chamber represented a treasury of the great Moscow tsars. In the firstperiod of its existence the Armoury chamber was simultaneously storehouse and industrial workshop, which produced both steel weaponsand fire-arms and defensive armour to equip Russian warriors. At the beginning of the 19th century the Armoury Chamber acquired significance as a public museum. Today in the Armoury Chamber, unique exhibits are on show.
Pushkin Museum of Fine Art
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts was founded by the father of famous Russian poetess Marina Tsvetaeva (1882-1941). Professor Tsvetaev wanted it to be a museum and an educational institution for professionalartists. Today the museum houses one of the richest collections of the masterpieces of world art from the Ancient East, the Ancient Greece andRome, Western Europe (medieval art, art of the period of the Renaissance and classicism, and a unique collection of paintings of the French impressionists).
The State Jewellery Fund
The State Jewellery Fund houses a unique collection of jewellery, which is the national property and pride of Russia - the Crown of the Russian Empire, symbolising the Tsar´s power, and priceless pieces of art, made from gold and precious stones. Among the treasures are the "Orlov" 180-faceted diamond, the world´s biggest sapphire and the piece of gold 36 kilos in weight, called "The Big Triangle".
The Tretyakov Art Gallery
The TretyakovArtGallery is the country´s largest and most important depository of Russian art. The original building of the Tretyakov Gallery is a work of art itself. It was designed by the Russian Artist Victor Vasnetsov and built in the fanciful style of early Russian Art Nouveau. The collection was started in 1856 by the wealthy brothers Pavel and Sergey Tretyakov, who donated it to the city of Moscow in 1892.
It is one of the most famous historical places of interest in Moscow of the 16th - 18th centuries and at the same time the functioning convent which belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church. The convent is on the coast ofMoscow-river, near Vorobyovy hills. It was founded in 1524 by the great tsar Vasily III Ioanovich in memory of the capture of Smolensk. On it´s territory one can see the beautiful monuments - the BellTower, which wasbuilt in 1690, and Smolensky Cathedral (Cathedral of the Holy Virgin of Smolensk), decorated with frescoes depicting the episodes from Russian history.
Many court assistants lived here in the 16th century; in the 19th century, many wealthy and educated residents chose to live in the Arbat. Today the Old Arbat (along Arbat Ulitsa) is a cobbled pedestrian passage and one of the most popular meeting and shopping spots in Moscow. Along with shops, cafes, art galleries, antique stores, theatres, and a museum tracing the history of the area, are groups of painters on the pavement who sketch portraits, kiosks with every type of souvenir for sale, performing artists, and even demonstrators. It´s also a frequent site for festivals and carnivals. You really must see it while in Moscow!
Moscow´s famous metro survives in all its constructional glory, walled in marble and decorated with chandeliers. Most of its stations have been designated as architectural landmarks. We recommend to you a special tour of the Metro.
Fine Arts Gallery of Zurab Tsereteli
The gallery is one of the most fashionable modern exhibition halls in Moscow. It is a modern cultural centre which organically unites different ideas, art trends and styles. It is here where pieces of sculpture,drawings, enamels, pieces of applied art etc. of the master are exhibited. The Gallery is situated on the old Moscow Prechistenka Street, in one of the most beautiful buildings of the classical epoch – the Dolgorukov princes´ House.
Sergiev Posad is a symbol of Russian clergy. The famous Troitse-Sergiev Laura - a monastery complex is allocated here. The oldest building here - Trinity (Troitsky) Cathedral built in 1422 - is well known not only for its architecture, but for the marvellous collection of paintings as well. The Great Russian artist Andrey Rublov worked here for a long time. In the History of Art Museum you can see the collections of the Old Russian paintings. In RiznitsaMuseum you can see the church household articles and clerical dresses embroidered with precious stones and golden threads.
The first document to have mentioned the village of Kolomenskoye is the will chart of the Moscow´s Grand Prince Ivan Kalita; it is dated by 1339.The ХIV century marked a new stage in the development of Kolomenskoye: it became the summer residence of Moscow Grand Princes and Russian tsars. A unique architectural ensemble was created here inХVIand XVII c. in order to express the splendour and magnificence of the Russian monarchy; it is culturally and historically invaluable.